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Section II. Presentations and Panel Discussion
Welcome Address: Opening Remarks
Welcome Address: Behavioral and Social Science Research in Tuberculosis Control
Keynote Session: When Sacred Cows Become the Tigerís Breakfast: Defining A Role for the Social Sciences in Tuberculosis Control
Keynote Session: Behavior, Society and Tuberculosis Control
Preliminary Results from the Tuberculosis Behavioral and Social Science Literature Review
Neighborhood Health Messengers: Using Local Knowledge, Trust, and Relationships to Create Culturally Effective Tuberculosis Education and Care for Immigrant and Refugee Families
Psychosocial, Social Structural, and Environmental Determinants of Tuberculosis Control
Community Perspectives in Tuberculosis Control and Elimination: The Personal Experiences of Patients and Providers Panel Discussion
Group Discussion of Themes and Issues from Day One
Breakout Group Sessions I: Identifying Research Gaps and Needs
Turning Research into Practice Panel Discussion
Sharpening the Focus on Turning Research into Practice: The Promise of Participatory Research Approaches
Two CDC Models from HIV Prevention: Replicating Effective Programs and Diffusion of Effective Behavioral Interventions
Effective Intervention for Asthma
Potential Funding Opportunities
Closing Remarks: Maintaining the Momentum on Development of a Tuberculosis Research Agenda
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The Tuberculosis Behavioral and Social Science Research Forum Proceedings

Section II. Presentations and Panel Discussions


Welcome Address: Behavioral and Social Science Research in Tuberculosis Control

Kenneth Castro, M.D.
Director, Division of Tuberculosis Elimination, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention

Day 1, Morning Session

Dr. Castroís presentation on the role of behavioral and social scientists in TB control set the framework for the discussions that would guide the Forum. Drawing from research efforts in TB control that preceded the Forum, he specifically cited recommendations from the 1994 CDC/NIH national workshop to set a research agenda on Improving Tuberculosis Treatment and Control, and also cited the call for behavioral science research from the 2000 Institute of Medicine (IOM) report Ending Neglect: Eliminating Tuberculosis in the United States.

These efforts have helped shape the role of, and need for, behavioral and social science research in TB control. Dr. Castro outlined the TB research needed in these disciplines:

  • Individual and interpersonal health behavior research is needed to address patient behaviors related to care seeking and adherence, provider behavior, and health care service delivery.
  • Systems research is needed to address the structure and organization of health systems; environmental, economic, and sociopolitical dynamics; and policies and laws.

Behavioral and social scientists are conducting research to identify, understand, and address a broad range of relevant socio≠cultural, behavioral, and structural issues. They are also conducting systematic, theory-based multidisciplinary research based on scientifically rigorous experimental and quasi-experimental designs.

Although the ultimate purpose of the forthcoming TB behavioral and social science research agenda is to guide CDC research in these areas, Dr. Castro said he hoped that the research agenda would also be used to inform ongoing development and refinement of TB control strategies and policies for sister agencies, task forces, and academic institutions.

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Released October 2008
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
National Center for HIV/AIDS, Viral Hepatitis, STD, and TB Prevention
Division of Tuberculosis Elimination -

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