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Section II. Presentations and Panel Discussion
Welcome Address: Opening Remarks
Welcome Address: Behavioral and Social Science Research in Tuberculosis Control
Keynote Session: When Sacred Cows Become the Tiger’s Breakfast: Defining A Role for the Social Sciences in Tuberculosis Control
Keynote Session: Behavior, Society and Tuberculosis Control
Preliminary Results from the Tuberculosis Behavioral and Social Science Literature Review
Neighborhood Health Messengers: Using Local Knowledge, Trust, and Relationships to Create Culturally Effective Tuberculosis Education and Care for Immigrant and Refugee Families
Psychosocial, Social Structural, and Environmental Determinants of Tuberculosis Control
Community Perspectives in Tuberculosis Control and Elimination: The Personal Experiences of Patients and Providers Panel Discussion
Group Discussion of Themes and Issues from Day One
Breakout Group Sessions I: Identifying Research Gaps and Needs
Turning Research into Practice Panel Discussion
Sharpening the Focus on Turning Research into Practice: The Promise of Participatory Research Approaches
Two CDC Models from HIV Prevention: Replicating Effective Programs and Diffusion of Effective Behavioral Interventions
Effective Intervention for Asthma
Potential Funding Opportunities
Closing Remarks: Maintaining the Momentum on Development of a Tuberculosis Research Agenda
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The Tuberculosis Behavioral and Social Science Research Forum Proceedings

Section II. Presentations and Panel Discussions


Sharpening the Focus on Turning Research into Practice: The Promise of Participatory Research Approaches

Shawna Mercer, M.Sc., Ph.D.
Health Scientist, Public Health Practice Program Office, Office of the Director, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention

Day 2, Afternoon Session

Dr. Mercer outlined challenges in translating research into practice and offered participatory research as an approach to addressing these challenges. The challenges include the following:

  • There may be insufficient recognition of the complexities inherent in putting public health research into practice in diverse settings;
  • Research findings may not be internally or externally valid; and
  • Best practices may not be locally appropriate or affordable.

Participatory research is a flexible approach, rather than a set of specific methods, that may address these challenges by actively involving all stakeholders—practitioners, policy makers, and members of affected communities—in the research process from the beginning. Accordingly, it is more likely to keep communities involved and to produce locally relevant findings and implementation guidance.

The Office of Science and Extramural Research’s Extramural Prevention Research Grant Program (EPRP) solicited proposals for participatory research to develop community-based prevention strategies. EPRP funding currently supports 26 three-year grants for a total of about $11.4 million. The funded projects address a wide range of health issues including preventing obesity, tobacco use, and injuries; supporting school health; reducing health disparities; and increasing access to health care. Among these, a project on diabetes among Appalachian Hispanics seeks to develop a model approach to addressing rural health problems.

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Released October 2008
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
National Center for HIV/AIDS, Viral Hepatitis, STD, and TB Prevention
Division of Tuberculosis Elimination -

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