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Appendix C: TB Behavioral and Social Science Research Gaps and Needs: Major Research Topics, Subtopics, and Research Questions
Health Systems and Organizations
Public Policy
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The Tuberculosis Behavioral and Social Science Research Forum Proceedings

Appendix C: TB Behavioral and Social Science Research Gaps and Needs: Major Research Topics, Subtopics, and Research Questions


The following section provides a listing of the major TB behavioral and social science research topics, subtopics, and specific research questions generated by the Forum participants. For each topic and subtopic, a brief description is given, followed by an italicized paragraph(s) summarizing the general research concepts that were elicited by Forum participants; (a condensed list describing only the major research topics and subtopics can be found on p. 31-43). Under each topic and subtopic, the specific questions generated by Forum participants have been roughly organized in order from simplest research design (such as questions that would lead to descriptive or exploratory research) to most complex and most detailed (such as those which might lead to experimental or intervention research). Because issues can be multi-dimensional focusing on different levels and behaviors, some research questions were placed under more than one major research topic and subtopic.

In addition to research questions, participants also suggested methodologies that could be used to address the research gaps and needs. Suggestions included greater utilization of behavior change models and theories as a basis for conducting behavioral and social science research; conducting needs assessments with a focus on patient-centered approaches; and moving from descriptive, exploratory research to developing and implementing interventions and utilizing evaluation methods to assess intervention effectiveness and efficiency. Research questions that pose methodological points of inquiry are generally grouped together towards the end of each section.

All questions were recorded verbatim from the flip chart notes and overhead slides collected at the Forum. Every attempt was made to preserve the original intended meaning and context of the research gaps identified by Forum participants during the discussions. Several questions that were either difficult to understand, did not fit under a specific category, or did not focus on behavioral or social science research were extracted from the list.


Released October 2008
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
National Center for HIV/AIDS, Viral Hepatitis, STD, and TB Prevention
Division of Tuberculosis Elimination -

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