Effective TB Interviewing for Contact Investigation:
Facilitator Led Training Guide
3. Adult Learning Principles
The importance of adult learning plays a key role in healthcare
professional training. To conduct an effective training program,
facilitators need to be aware of the unique needs of the adult learner.
Adults, unlike children, base their learning on past experiences
and relevance to current or future experiences. The outcome
of a training program is important to the adult learner. This
places a value on the learning activities. Therefore, understanding
how a training experience applies to real-life scenarios is vital.
Whenever possible, application of knowledge through exercises and
activities is important. The training materials contained
in this manual, and the approaches described, are geared toward
practical, not theoretical, education. The information provided
is specific to the interviewer’s occupational needs.
Any presentation using the materials provided in this manual must
be relevant to the interviewer’s past and present experiences
and job-related tasks.
Some effective teaching methods with adult learners include the
use of examples and practice. Because learners also bring
with them life and job experiences related to the discussion topics,
participants should be allowed to actively participate in training
by asking questions related to specific and realistic situations.
Brainstorming with colleagues about solutions to challenging situations
should be allowed to occur as well. Training should also allow
time to absorb ideas, which may be a change to the participants’
current thinking. In turn, the facilitator should also respect
differing opinions and exceptions to what may be taught.
Facilitators can learn from the course participants in many ways.
The participants may have innovative ways of solving problems or
different viewpoints. Adult learners are a unique learning
resource for both the facilitator and one another.