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U.S. Department of Health and Human Services


Core Curriculum on Tuberculosis, 2000

Chapter 10
Community TB Control

Identification and Management of Persons Infected  with M. tuberculosis

TB control programs should establish working relationships with other health care providers and agencies who provide health care services to high-risk populations and should assist them in developing and implementing testing programs.

Testing for TB infection should be done in well-defined groups. Groups that are not at high risk for TB should not be tested routinely, because testing in low-risk populations diverts resources from other priority activities and because positive tests in low-risk persons may not represent TB infection. Flexibility is needed in defining high-priority groups for testing. The changing epidemiology of TB indicates that the risk for TB among groups currently considered high priority may decrease over time, and groups currently not identified as being at risk subsequently may be considered as high priority.


Released October 2008
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
National Center for HIV/AIDS, Viral Hepatitis, STD, and TB Prevention
Division of Tuberculosis Elimination -

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