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U.S. Department of Health and Human Services


Core Curriculum on Tuberculosis, 2000

Chapter 10
Community TB Control

Management of Persons Who Have Disease or Who Are Suspected of Having Disease

TB programs should ensure that the services needed to evaluate, treat, and monitor TB patients are readily available in each community. In some areas, the state health department provides these services. In other areas, the local health department or other medical providers (e.g., managed care organizations, private physicians) provide treatment services to patients under the supervision of the state TB control program. The management of persons who have disease or who are suspected of having disease involves a range of services which include

  • Developing a treatment plan
  • Promoting and ensuring adherence
  • Providing a referral system for other medical problems
  • Providing clinical consultation services
  • Providing inpatient care when necessary
  • Providing appropriate facilities to isolate and treat patients with infectious TB
  • Maintaining an infection control program

Coordinating care with other health care providers and facilities is crucial to the prevention and control of TB. TB patients often receive care in a variety of settings including HIV clinics, managed care organizations, hospitals, correctional facilities, and nursing homes. As patients move among these settings, continuity of care may be compromised unless a system is in place to provide coordination of care.


Released October 2008
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
National Center for HIV/AIDS, Viral Hepatitis, STD, and TB Prevention
Division of Tuberculosis Elimination -

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