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U.S. Department of Health and Human Services


Core Curriculum on Tuberculosis, 2000

Chapter 8
Infection Control in Health Care Settings

Developing an Infection Control Program

An effective TB infection control program requires the early detection, isolation, and treatment of persons with infectious TB. TB infection control measures should be based on a careful assessment of risk for transmission of TB in the facility or setting. The primary emphasis of the infection control plan should be on achieving these three goals through a hierarchy of control measures, including

  • The use of administrative controls to reduce the risk of exposure to persons with infectious TB;
  • The use of engineering controls to prevent the spread and reduce the concentration of infectious droplet nuclei in the air;
  • The use of personal respiratory protection in areas where there is an increased risk of exposure to M. tuberculosis, such as in TB isolation rooms.


Released October 2008
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
National Center for HIV/AIDS, Viral Hepatitis, STD, and TB Prevention
Division of Tuberculosis Elimination -

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