TB Facts for Health Care Workers
Infection Control Measures
The spread of TB in health care settings can be minimized
by implementing CDC recommendations for preventing TB transmission
in these settings. The early detection, isolation, and treatment
of disease in persons with infectious TB are essential to controlling
transmission. TB should be suspected in all persons with symptoms
consistent with TB (for example, cough, fever, night sweats, chills,
fatigue, weight loss or loss of appetite), especially those with
confirmed or suspected HIV infection and undiagnosed pulmonary
disease. Precautions should be taken to prevent airborne transmission
of infection until TB is diagnosed and treated or ruled out.
Effective AFB isolation should be initiated for persons with
confirmed or suspected TB to reduce the risk that they will expose
others. Precautions should be taken during and immediately after
procedures that may induce coughing, such as bronchoscopy, sputum
collection, the aerosol induction of sputum, and the administration
of aerosolized medication, such as pentamidine.
Antituberculosis drug treatment should be promptly initiated
for persons with active disease to render them noninfectious.
Persons at high risk for TB infection should be screened and,
if infected, evaluated for preventive therapy. Ongoing TB screening
should be provided to health care workers who have regular contact
with persons with TB or HIV infection.
Remember! The key to preventing TB infection and death and
disability from TB disease is to consider the possibility of TB
in high-risk groups, make the diagnosis as quickly as possible,
and initiate effective, directly observed drug therapy for persons
found to have TB. Think TB!
FOR ADDITIONAL INFORMATION, CONTACT YOUR
LOCAL HEALTH DEPARTMENT
Released October 2008
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
National Center for HIV/AIDS, Viral Hepatitis, STD, and TB Prevention
Division of Tuberculosis Elimination - http://www.cdc.gov/tb
Please send comments/suggestions/requests
CDC/Division of Tuberculosis Elimination
Communications, Education, and Behavioral Studies Branch
1600 Clifton Rd., NE - Mailstop E-10, Atlanta, GA 30333