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TB Notes 3, 2000

Hightlights from State and Local Programs

San Antonio Program Managers Training Course

As part of the National Statewide Training Initiative, the Francis J. Curry National Tuberculosis Center and the Texas Department of Health Tuberculosis Elimination Division collaborated to develop and provide training May 16-18, 2000, at the Texas Center for Infectious Disease in San Antonio. The training was attended by individuals who are TB program managers or TB supervisory personnel in the local or regional programs in Texas. Applications were received from 51 people, but the training could only accommodate 40. The applicants chosen were those with the greatest program responsibility.

This course was the result of an extensive TB training and education needs assessment process conducted by the Francis J. Curry National TB Center and the Texas Department of Health. The needs assessment process included conference calls; a review of Texas TB epidemiology; a written survey completed by TB program managers; site visits to seven local programs, one regional program, and the Texas Department of Health TB Education Center (the training component of the Texas Department of Health TB Program); and attendance at a program managers’ meeting. Based on the training and education needs identified, the planning group decided to target the training activity to TB program managers and others with significant supervisory responsibility for TB program activities. It was felt that these individuals would have the greatest opportunity to provide further training and education and implement program improvements. The site chosen for the joint training event was the Texas Center for Infectious Disease in San Antonio, which houses the Texas TB Education Center. The participation of the TB Education Center staff was intended to build capacity at the Center by sharing the expertise of the Curry Center in organizing and presenting such extensive training events.

The course included sections on case management for private sector patients, quality assurance, the treatment of latent TB infection, targeted screening programs, contact investigation, the use of data to plan and evaluate TB programs, and community outreach and training. Training methods included lecture, case studies, small group exercises, and panels. The faculty members were TB experts from California and Texas and experienced TB program managers from Texas. The faculty from California included Brenda Ashkar (Los Angeles), Mona Bernstein (Curry Center), Effie Gournis (San Francisco), and Karen Smith (Santa Clara County). Texas faculty included Ed Graviss (Baylor Medical School), Barbara Seaworth (TB Education Center), and Jeff Taylor (Texas Department of Health) in addition to 14 Texas TB program managers who served on panels that highlighted their experiences in providing various aspects of TB program activities. There was also a lunch presentation on working with migrants given by Del Garcia and John Byrd of the Migrant Clinicians Network.

In addition to an on-site evaluation survey, participants were asked to develop two problem statements addressing actual issues in their program area and a plan to implement the techniques and concepts of the course in resolving those problems. A survey will be sent out at 6 and 12 months to evaluate whether the course has been beneficial to the participants in improving the aspects of their programs that they identified in their problem statements.

Please contact Ann Tyree (512-458-7447 or or Mona Bernstein (415-502-7905 or ) for more information.

—Submitted by Ann Tyree
Texas Department of Health

Formation of Kansas TB Control Coalition

With great enthusiasm from the public health community and other health care providers, planning is well underway toward development of a statewide TB control coalition in Kansas. The Kansas Department of Health and Environment (KDHE) TB Control Program hosted two regional planning meetings to begin dialogue and establish a framework for the kick-off statewide coalition meeting, which was held in Salina, a community in central Kansas, on November 30.

"This statewide coalition is being developed to unify the efforts and voices of a broad-based group of Kansans representing the public health community, private care providers, and others interested in TB control to provide statewide collaboration through local leadership, ongoing communication, and technical assistance that will ultimately lead to decreases in TB incidence rates in Kansas," commented Gianfranco Pezzino, MD, MPH, State Epidemiologist and Director of KDHE’s Bureau of Epidemiology and Disease Prevention.

A total of 39 individuals attended the two regional planning meetings held in Topeka (northeastern Kansas) on July 27 and in Garden City (southwestern Kansas) on September 28, with diverse representation. To date, KDHE has been joined in this effort by the American Lung Association of Kansas, the Kansas Association for the Medically Underserved, the Kansas State Nurses Association, the Kansas Public Health Association, the Kansas Association of Local Health Departments, the University of Kansas Medical Center at Wichita, the United Methodist Mexican American Ministries, the Kansas Department of Corrections, the Knoll Patient Supply Company, the Garden City Public Schools, and public health nurses and administrators of 16 local health departments.

"The motivation being expressed by the public health community for development of a statewide TB control coalition is quite impressive," said Dr. Pezzino. "I am most encouraged by the active participation of so many individuals and organizations, and believe the momentum we are building will lead to improved TB control activities in communities all across Kansas."

Discussion at the regional planning meetings identified a number of initiatives for the coalition to consider in its list of priorities. Among them were the following:

  • A medical card should be developed that patients can carry and use to inform health care providers about their TB screening and treatment.
  • Working relationships need to be established between local public health representatives and the medical staff of meat packing plants to ensure that the latter are aware of and looking for symptoms of TB disease during new employee health screening visits (Kansas employs thousands of persons in its meat processing plants).
  • Payment of hospitalization costs for TB cases, especially for those who cannot work for months, is an important financial concern in Kansas. Further assessment of this problem is needed.
  • A major concern in Kansas is the number of students from other countries entering the state with TB disease or latent TB infection. In our view, the Immigration and Naturalization Service needs to be encouraged to develop a policy on TB screening for educational visas.
  • Language- and culture-specific educational campaigns should be developed that will effectively educate target audiences and motivate them to pursue screening and treatment for TB disease or latent TB infection.
  • Effective and audience-appropriate informational materials need to be developed to educate providers about TB screening and treatment protocols.
  • Summaries of TB control–related budget issues, medication costs, and current data and trend information are needed.
  • A fact sheet about the long-term benefits associated with completing treatment for latent TB infection is needed.

Several additional coalition goals and timelines were crafted at the November 30 statewide meeting. The group plans to facilitate progress toward overall coalition goals by developing small workgroups to focus on specific tasks.

Benefits of the communication and resource-sharing sparked by this coalition-building effort are already evident. The Kansas Association for the Medically Underserved invited the Kansas TB Control Program to join forces in reaching out to providers with TB information and education. The state’s TB Nurse Consultant, Allison Alejos, RN, BSN, accepted a position on the steering committee for the statewide clinical network that operates under the guidance of the Kansas Association for the Medically Underserved. Rather than having to start at the ground floor toward developing its own clinical network, the Kansas program is fortunate to be invited to collaborate with one already established and well-respected throughout the state.

Between January 1 and October 1, 2000, Kansas reported 37 cases of TB, up from 26 cases for the same time period last year, a 42% increase. Because the state covers 82,282 square miles and is home to more than 2.6 million people, the collaborative efforts of a statewide TB control coalition will ensure that greater gains are made toward reducing the incidence of TB in Kansas, helping to further the state’s progress toward meeting national goals established by CDC.

For more information about the coalition or other TB control initiatives in Kansas, please contact Mindee Reece, TB Control Program Director, at (785) 296-8893 or

—Submitted by Mindee Reece
Director, Kansas TB Control Program

New York State DOH Produces ARPE Workbook

Over the years, a number of different measures have been used to evaluate the effectiveness of TB control programs. At the national level, the "rainbow reports" have been replaced with the Aggregate Reports for TB Program Evaluation, also known as ARPEs. There are two ARPE reports, Targeted Testing and Treatment for Latent TB Infection and Follow-up and Treatment for Contacts to TB Cases, which must be filed annually.

The ARPE reports, while gathering much the same information as the rainbow reports, require the data to be grouped differently and in some cases require a higher level of detail for individual follow-up. This, along with the lengthy period of time before a yearly cohort is reported, may lead to inaccurate reporting of some information. New York State staff have devised a strategy to simplify this change. Single-use worksheets have been created to enable users to capture the required information on an ongoing, per-case basis. Two of these worksheets very closely resemble the CDC-required ARPEs, the TB Testing Worksheet and the TB Contact Worksheet. This similarity allows completion of the annual summaries directly from the worksheets. The TB Testing Worksheet compiles information on testing outcome in a particular setting (e.g., homeless shelter, jail) over a specified period such as a month or quarter year. The TB Contact Worksheet summarizes the outcome of a contact investigation around a single TB case. The third sheet, the Individual TB Worksheet, was designed to aid the counties in recording all pertinent information regarding the individual receiving a tuberculin skin test, whether the result of a contact investigation or a testing program. Each county is to submit these worksheets to the Bureau as each investigation is completed. Submission as recommended will allow the Bureau of TB Control to compile the data on an ongoing basis, resulting in more accurate and meaningful summary information, as well as relieving each county of this additional responsibility.

To help TB workers in each local health unit understand the new CDC reporting requirements, the New York State Bureau of TB Control has devised a workbook for use by the counties. The contents include worksheets and instructions, as well as a series of educational scenarios. This workbook was designed to provide examples of a wide variety of real-world scenarios in which tuberculin skin testing would take place. For each of these scenarios, an explanation is provided about what type of testing is involved (targeted or administrative), whether this testing was done on an individual or project level, and what type of risk was involved (medical or population). The scenarios also discuss whether or not the testing was part of a contact investigation, and what level of risk was present for those tested. Explanations as to which worksheets need to be filled out and examples of completed worksheets have been provided with each scenario.

Owing to numerous inquiries from around the country, the New York State Bureau of TB Control is making our ARPE Workbook available to other TB programs on request. People who want a copy can write to Stephen E. Hughes, PhD, Bureau of TB Control, NYSDOH, GNARESP, Rm 831, Albany, NY 12237-0669, or email:

—Reported by Stephen E. Hughes, PhD,
and Cheryl Kearns, MPH
Bureau of TB Control
New York State Dept. of Health


Released October 2008
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