Neonatal TB

Practice Guidelines and Algorithm: Infant Born to A Mother with A Positive TST

Journal of Pediatric Health Care

Tuberculosis (TB) is caused by Mycobacterium tuberculosis. It is transmitted when a person with active pulmonary TB coughs or sneezes and expels droplet nuclei into the air. Infants infected within the first year of life have a 43% chance of getting the disease. Infants have a very high mortality rate if their condition is not diagnosed and treated early. The presence of congenitally acquired TB in newborns is extremely rare; only 300 cases have been documented worldwide.

Congenital Tuberculosis: A Rare Manifestation of A Common Infection

Kim C. Smith, MD

The failure of modern medicine to eliminate tuberculosis, despite the availability of effective treatment, may be one of the greatest missed opportunities of our time. Worldwide, this disease remains the leading cause of death from an infectious organism, especially among children in developing countries.

Management of the Newborn When Maternal TB Suspected

Algorithm showing what to do in case of managing a newborn when maternal TB is suspected.

Tuberculosis in Neonates and Infants Epidemiology, Pathogenesis, Clinical Manifestations, Diagnosis, and Management Issues

Chrysanthi L. Skevaki and Dimitrios A. Kafetzis

Tuberculosis is one of the leading infectious causes of death and as such represents a major global health problem. Infants may develop congenital tuberculosis from an infectious mother or, most commonly, they may acquire postnatal disease by contact with an infectious adult source.